Archive June, 2013

Prednisone side effects in women

25 June, 19:28, by admin

Prednisone is fundamentally a steroid referred to as corticosteroid, which is beneficial in treating a variety of diseases when consumed under the general direction of a physician or specialist. It is commonly used to treat certain types of cancer and inflammatory diseases. The main function of the drug is to suppress the immune system, and it’s known to be one of the most effective immunosuppressant drugs available. Because prednisone inhibits the immune system, the individual that consumes it is putting themselves at risk of contracting a variety of infections and diseases. Therefore, the improper use of prednisone should be avoided at all costs. The side effects associated with prednisone are similar between both women and men; however, pregnant women and women in general are putting themselves at extreme risk when they consume prednisone without first acquiring a prescription.

Listed below are some of the more common side effects associated with prednisone that have been known to be hazardous to women’s health.

  • Prednisone has been recognized for interfering with the natural menstrual cycle in women. Countless women have complained about irregular periods after extended use of prednisone. Additionally, numerous women have reported that they’ve experienced abdominal cramps, heavy bleeding, and upset stomachs while using the drug.
  • Prednisone may also intervene with hormonal changes of the body, and it’s also been known to cause hormonal imbalances that can lead to emotional issues. For instance, numerous women experience severe depression, increased anxiety levels, and excessive mood swings.
  • Women who have become pregnant are especially vulnerable to prednisone, and it has also been recognized for having lethal effects on the infant as well as the mother. It cause rashes and hives in pregnant women. Several pregnant women have also complained about excessive stretch marks before and after pregnancy.
  • These are some of the side of prednisone in women. Now let’s examine some of the side effects that can affect both women and men.

Side Effects of Prednisone in Men and Women:

As mentioned earlier, being an effective immunosuppressant, prednisone can cause hives, rashes, itching, and severe skin infections.

  • Prednisone may also cause respiratory infections that have the potential of leading to tension in the chest, difficulty breathing, and a swelling of the organs that are involved with the respiratory system.
  • Prednisone has also been known to cause excessive weight gain and increase hunger. In several cases, prednisone has caused a decrease in the appetite, causing extreme weight loss.
  • Prednisone has also been linked with a variety of abdomen and stomach issues such as stomach ulcers, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and black stools. Several people have complained about bleeding of the intestine and stomach as well.
  • Many people have also reported experiencing severe and chronic sleep related problems including excessive sweating, water retention, and more. This is due to the fact that prednisone interferes with several body systems.
  • Prednisone has also been known to cause headaches, tingling and numbness in the feet and hands, excessive hair growth, unusual hiccups, cataracts, sore throat, enlarged liver, high blood pressure, dizziness, fever, vasculitis, abnormal heart rhythm, and disproportionate fat distribution; however, these side effects are rare.
  • Although rare, prednisone may also cause psychological side effects that include: a false sense of security and well-being, a change in personality, and chronic levels of stress accompanied by personality disorders. Although many of these side effects have been reported, they are very uncommon.

Integumentary system diseases

18 June, 10:15, by admin

The integumentary system consists of your hair, nails and skin, and is the body’s largest organ system. This physical system is very fascinating and conducts a number of functions and processes for the body. One of the main purposes of the integumentary system is to make the body waterproof with the assistance of keratinzed cells. The system also shields the body from water loss and protects the internal organs from sickness and harmful substances. The integumentary system is considered the body’s first line of defense. It not only protects the way that organs function, but regulates the body’s temperature, detects pain, excretes toxins and plays a pivotal role in the synthesis of vitamin D.

Alopecia Areata – This is an autoimmune disorder that is not contagious, where your hair follicles are attacked by your immune system. Hair loss occurs on various parts of the body, particularly the head, which is why many people with this condition are bald. This is also called spot baldness, since small patches of hair disappear from the head in the first stages of the condition.

Dermatitis – Dermatitis is defined as inflamed skin. There are various forms of dermatitis, including seborrheic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis, also called eczema. Dermatitis can occur for several reasons, and will flare up in a number of ways, including an rash that itches in the initial stages as the dermatitis spreads, increasing in swelling and redness. Dermatitis is not fatal or contagious, but it does make one feel considerably self-conscious.

Psoriasis – Psoriasis is another chronic integumentary disease that isn’t contagious, but affects the autoimmune system. Scaly, red patches appear on the skin. These are called psoriatic plaques and are areas of the skin where increased cell production has occurred.

Warts – This disease is characterized by round, rough, scaly tumors formed on the feet or hands. Warts are a result of the human papilloma virus, and people can experience a variety of warts including flat, plantar, genital, mosaic and common. Warts can be contagious and are spread through physical human contact. The blister resembles the shape and consistency of a cauliflower.

Athlete’s Foot – Athlete’s foot, or tenia pedis, is a fungal infection that affects the feet and results in itching, flaking, and scaly skin. If you want to be barefoot in areas that are moist such as public showers, this increases your chances for contracting athlete’s foot. The infection can also spread to other areas, like the groin. Proper hygiene can prevent athlete’s foot.

In addition to the conditions mentioned above, there are several other integumentary system diseases like acne, herpes, blisters, albinism, basic cell carcinoma, melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and other human skin cancers. This makes the skin surprisingly harmful to the body if not cared for properly.

Toothache after filling

17 June, 08:47, by admin

If a decayed or damaged tooth is filled improperly or if an individual happens to be allergic to the metal amalgam used to make the filling, tooth pain may follow a dental restoration. Besides these, other common causes of dental pain after a filling may include the following.

  •  Trauma: When a dental restoration is performed, the sensitive pulp inside the tooth may be affected by shock; this is sometimes a cause of severe pain in the tooth after a cavity filling. Dental pain following restoration may be a sign that the tissues inside the tooth are not in the degree of health that was initially assumed before the filling was performed. Should this type of tooth pain persist, root canal work may be indicated.
  • Referred Pain: The nerves in teeth nearby the one that has been repaired may pick up signals from nerves inside the tooth that’s been filled. This referred pain can be the cause of discomfort after getting a cavity repaired. This kind of pain can affect healthy teeth, even if they were uninvolved in the dental restoration process; severe pain can result.
  • Misshapen Cavity Fillings: Dental restoration work needs to be smooth and flush with the tooth so as not to disrupt the usual movement and friction of the jaws and teeth. Occasionally, fillings may not be smoothed and polished sufficiently, resulting in irritation of the tooth cavity. If this occurs, the profile of the filling should be kept only once any swelling in the tissues around the cavity has subsided.
  • Following Root Canal: A root canal treatment involves the removal of some of the soft tissue around the affected tooth, with some tissues being pushed downwards toward the base of the tooth. This process inevitably causes pain that persists after the root canal is completed. It goes without saying that the dentist can’t be held responsible for this kind of dental pain —it is an unavoidable consequence of even the best root canal work.

Those seeking relief of dental pain have a variety of options. The foremost is naturally a return trip to the dentist who performed the original work to discuss the problem, especially if the toothache is still present more than 14 days or so after the cavity was filled. A dentist can offer pain relief, often advising the patient on the best over the counter analgesics or prescribing stronger pain management in serious cases.

Household remedies for the pain of a toothache can be effective, as can other methods including aromatherapy and acupressure. Toothpastes containing desensitizing ingredients are also available; these may also be very soothing. To avoid unnecessarily prolonging the pain, it’s important to visit the dentist for routine follow-ups after the work is done.

Dents in fingernails

03 June, 21:36, by admin

Our nails are skin cells that have hardened or keratinized. Nails, as well as hair, contain a structural protein known as keratin. It’s the living cells that are found in our fingers and toes that created keratin. These cells are rooted in the half moon area, called the matrix, which is under the cuticle and not visible. Sometimes we develop ridges or dents in our nails that can make one feel self conscious. However, these abnormalities can indicate an underlying health issue and should never be ignored. Some health problems can be identified through nails that are not healthy. Causes of this can range widely from a deficiency in vitamins to heart ailments, respiratory issues, and other major health concerns. Dents can occur as small or large in nature. Sometimes this occurs through trauma to the actual nail, an unhealthy diet, or an iron deficiency.

Quite often it’s the inflammatory skin condition known as psoriasis that can cause these small dents to start showing up on the fingernails. One will notice red and scaly patches developing on the skin with this condition. It is also known to have an effect on the nail and it’s skin cells. The result is having small dents occur on the nails. These dents will disappear over time once the condition of psoriasis has been properly treated. However, a few months may pass before the nails will look healthy again. This is because our nails only grow at a slow rate of one millimeter per week. These dents are also referred to as pitting. Trauma to the nail bed is another known cause of dents appearing on the nails. The usually healthy development of our nails can be affected by bad habits such as nail and/or cuticle biting. It has also been observed that hereditary conditions can be the cause of ridges and dents in the fingernails.

Horizontal Dents in Fingernails

When a dent appears to form across the nail from one side to the other, it is referred to as being horizontal. We can also see vertical ridges in nails which are not an indication of a health issue but are quite common by nature. The aging process may be one reason for this to occur. It’s the horizontal dents that could possibly indicate issues with one’s health. There are many conditions that could be the cause of dented nails. When an individual has suffered a systematic infection or has a serious illness such as diabetes, horizontal indents can appear in the fingernails. These are referred to as Beau’s lines. A person receiving chemotherapy for cancer is more prone to get Beau’s lines. Another cause of these dents is a condition known as Raynaud’s disease. The exposure to cold temperatures is usually what creates this symptom. The reason for these dents occurring is that when a person has been very ill or has been exposed to long periods of stress, the growth of the nails stops. When the nails start growing normally again, one will find an indentation on the nail where it stopped growth and then started again. We don’t see these at first because it starts under the cuticle. But after a few months, when the nail has started to grow out, the dents will show. This will normally occur on every nail in the same location. Another reason for dents to appear are when a wart or cysts forms near the nail base. Nail growth on new nails is affected by the pressure being placed on the nail’s matrix. It then causes a deep ridge that can take some time to grow out on a healthy nail.

Nail health is not something that many take seriously. But issues such as discolored fingernails, dents and ridges, and a change in the shape of one’s nails can be an early indication of some medical condition that has been undiagnosed. Conditions such as iron deficiency, circulatory issues, and thyroid issues are just some of these illnesses. This is why it is so important to care for your nails properly. If you should notice any dents in your nails it is best not to overlook them. Your nails are trying to alert you to something and it’s important that you pay attention to their message.